Geriatric Care Best Practices: An Overview

September 09, 2023
James Anderson
James Anderson
Geriatric Nursing
James Anderson, with an MSN from the University of Manchester, is a skilled nursing professional in gerontological care. He has extensive experience with elderly patients in top healthcare institutions like St. John's Hospital and is dedicated to sharing his expertise in gerontological nursing.

As our society continues to age, the demand for high-quality geriatric care is on the rise. Gerontological nursing plays a pivotal role in addressing the unique healthcare needs of older adults. In this blog, we will delve into the best practices in geriatric care, highlighting the importance of specialized knowledge and skills in providing comprehensive care for the elderly. With an understanding of the significance of gerontological nursing, this blog provides expert guidance to nursing students who aspire to excel in this field and may seek assistance with their geriatric nursing assignment, whether by themselves or through online nursing assignment help services.

Understanding Gerontological Nursing

Gerontological nursing, also known as geriatric nursing, focuses on the care of older adults. It encompasses a holistic approach to healthcare, considering not only the physical aspects but also the psychological, social, and emotional well-being of older individuals. To provide the best care, nurses need to be well-versed in the following key areas:

Geriatric Care Best Practices Expert Tips in Gerontological Nursing
  1. Age-Related Changes: Geriatric nurses must have a deep understanding of the physiological and psychological changes that occur with ageing. This knowledge helps them identify age-related health issues and provide appropriate interventions.
  2. Polypharmacy Management: Older adults often take multiple medications, which can lead to drug interactions and adverse effects. Gerontological nurses play a crucial role in medication management and education.
  3. Chronic Disease Management: Chronic conditions like diabetes, hypertension, and arthritis are common among older adults. Nurses specializing in gerontology are skilled in managing these conditions effectively.
  4. End-of-Life Care: Geriatric nurses are trained to provide compassionate end-of-life care, focusing on pain management, emotional support, and maintaining dignity for patients.

Best Practices in Geriatric Care

In the realm of geriatric care, the promotion of independence among older adults is paramount. Gerontological nurses work closely with their elderly patients to encourage and support self-sufficiency in everyday activities, recognizing its profound impact on dignity and overall well-being. Additionally, fall prevention strategies are meticulously applied, encompassing not only risk assessments but also tailored interventions to create safer living environments and mitigate the risks of falls, a critical concern in the elderly population. Finally, pain management is a cornerstone of gerontological nursing, with nurses employing a multifaceted approach that includes both pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical methods to alleviate pain and enhance the overall quality of life for older individuals.

  1. Person-Centered Care: The foundation of geriatric nursing is person-centered care. This approach recognizes that each older adult is unique, with individual needs, preferences, and life experiences. Nurses should actively involve patients in their care plans, respecting their choices and autonomy.
  2. Comprehensive Assessment: Thorough assessments are essential to identify health issues early. Geriatric nurses conduct comprehensive assessments that encompass physical, cognitive, and psychosocial aspects. This aids in the early detection of problems and tailoring care accordingly.
  3. Promoting Independence: Maintaining independence is crucial for older adults' well-being. Nurses encourage and support older individuals in performing daily activities to the best of their abilities. This includes mobility, self-care, and cognitive functions.
  4. Fall Prevention: Falls are a significant risk for the elderly. Gerontological nurses assess fall risk factors and implement preventive measures such as removing hazards, prescribing assistive devices, and educating patients and families.
  5. Pain Management: Older adults may experience chronic pain due to conditions like arthritis or neuropathy. Effective pain management is essential for their comfort and quality of life. Geriatric nurses employ various techniques and medications to alleviate pain while minimizing side effects.
  6. Medication Safety: As mentioned earlier, medication management is critical. Nurses ensure that older adults understand their medications, their purpose, and potential side effects. Regular medication reviews help prevent adverse drug interactions.
  7. Nutritional Support: Malnutrition is a common concern among older adults. Gerontological nurses assess nutritional status and provide dietary recommendations, which may include adapting meals to accommodate dental issues or dietary restrictions.
  8. Cognitive Health: Dementia and cognitive decline are prevalent in older populations. Nurses work with patients and their families to develop strategies for maintaining cognitive function and addressing behavioural changes associated with cognitive disorders.
  9. Emotional Support: Loneliness and depression can significantly impact the mental health of older adults. Geriatric nurses offer emotional support, identify signs of distress, and connect patients with appropriate resources and counselling services.
  10. Caregiver Education: In many cases, family members serve as caregivers for older adults. Gerontological nurses educate caregivers on how to provide effective care, manage stress, and access community support.


Gerontological nursing is a specialized field that demands a deep understanding of the unique healthcare needs of older adults. The best practices outlined in this blog underscore the importance of holistic, person-centered care, thorough assessment, and a commitment to promoting independence and well-being among the elderly. Recognize the significance of a platform with proficient nursing assignment experts for timely support. Nursing students can excel in this rewarding field and contribute to the well-being of elderly individuals in their communities. By following the best practices outlined in this blog post, gerontological nurses can provide high-quality care that enhances the well-being and quality of life of older adults.

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